This is a post in the Desktop and Laptop Recovery Media series.
IBM Aptiva Applications CD-ROM is a driver and software recovery disc released in 1998 for use with the IBM Aptive E 2158. It has a part number of 00N297 and a disc matrix of CDD26929 J86UK01U and carries the pressing logo NIMBUS.
The disc is of a non-bootable kind and contains one top level folder:
- DISK [520 files, 59 folders – 97.2MB)
|Models Applicable||Aptiva E 2158|
|Year of Manufacture/Copyright||1998|
|Media Identifiers||Part Number – 00N297
Disc Matrix – CDD26929 J86UK01U
|Operating System Applicable||Windows 98|
|Type of Recovery Media||CD-ROM, Non-Bootable|
|Software Types Included||Applications – Utilities
Applications – Software
Media Content Breakdown
Note: All directories given expect you’re working directory is already DISK, e.g. D:\DISK\
ALi M1541 AGP Graphics Driver v 1.2
Under the V1.2 sub-directory are three files. To install the Alipcimp.pci system file run the Install.bat executable which runs the following commands:
- c:\windows\regedit aliagp98.reg
- copy alipcimp.pci c:\windows\system /y /v
The aliagp98.reg reveals that these files are for graphics chips that make use of the ALi M1541 AGP chipset.
ALi M5229 IDE Bus Master Controller Driver v5.10
Under the 310 sub-directory exists three system files and another two sub-directories; Win95 and Winnt40.
Concerning the top level an executable named V310a.exe exists – running this executable will open up a command prompt with the ARJ Archive Self-Extractor V2.41a pre-loaded. This appears to be a tool that could be used to create a floppy disk for the drivers however it fails to extract any of the files regardless of its location.
Inside the Win95 sub-directory are 19 system files of which an Installshield Setup.exe executable exists. Running this will automatically install the drivers onto your system. This executable can also be used to uninstall any drivers.
Opening the Alihdd.inf file reveals that this driver concerns systems fitted with the ALi M5229 controller and that this driver applies to devices carrying a vendor ID of 10B9 and a device ID of 5229 or 5215.
The contents of the Winnt40 sub-directory reveals only three system files with none of them adopting an easy installation setup executable. Instead the files appear to be for a manual driver installation under the Windows NT 4.0 environment with Readme.txt providing instructions on how to complete this. The Oemsetup.inf file differs greatly from the Alihdd.inf file under the Win95 sub-directory.
IBM ESS-Solo1 ES1938 Audio Driver v4.10.00.3015 ML2
Under the V3015ML2 sub-directory exists 32 system files. Within these files exists an InstallShield setup.exe wizard executable which will automatically install the drivers onto your system.
The OEMSETUP.INF file informs us of the driver version and that this applies to components that carry the vendor ID 125D and the device ID of 1969.
The README.TXT file informs us that the driver is dated 5th November 1998 and provides some simple instructions relating to the automated setup executable included.
Rockwell HCF V.90/56K Modem Driver
Under the sub-directory V1.356B you will find 95 system files and 1 sub-directory (SETUPDIR) which all relate to the installation of the Rockwell HCF V.90 56K PCI modem.
A simple InstallShield application setup.exe is provided for the quick and easy installation of the drivers onto your system. Opening one of the mother INF files (for example HCF01A7M.INF) informs us that these drivers are for devices carrying vendor ID 127A and device ID 1005.
Logitech Mouse Driver & MouseWare v8.21
Under the sub-directory V8.21 you will find 94 system files and three subdirectories (WIN95, WIN98, WINNT). To install the drivers with the included Logitech MouseWare utility choose SETUP.EXE (a Windows Installer wizard application). If you wished to only install the drivers then choose the appropriate .INF file from the sub-directory which pertains to your systems operating system.
The driver file LMOUSEENU.INF under sub-directory WIN98 reveals which Logitech device models are supported by this driver and utility version:
- Logitech-compatible Mouse Serial
- Logitech-compatible Mouse Serial PnP
- Logitech-compatible Mouse PS/2
- Logitech-compatible Mouse Bus Adapter
- Other Logitech InPort Mouse
- Other Logitech Mouse Serial
- Other Logitech Mouse PS/2
- Other Logitech Mouse Bus Adapter
- Logitech Mouse Serial (M34, M35, C43)
- Logitech Mouse PS/2 (S34, S35, S42, C43)
- Logitech TrackMan Portable Serial
- Logitech TrackMan Portable PS/2
- Logitech MouseMan Serial
- Logitech MouseMan PS/2
- Logitech Mouse Serial
- Logitech MouseMan PS/2
- Logitech TrackMan Vista Serial
- Logitech TrackMan Vista PS/2
- Logitech TrackMan Live! Serial
- Logitech TrackMan Live! PS/2
- Logitech Cordless Mouse Serial
- Logitech Cordless Mouse PS/2
- Logitech Cordless Desktop Serial
- Logitech Cordless Desktop PS/2
- Logitech Cordless Wheel Mouse Serial
- Logitech Cordless Wheel Mouse PS/2
- Logitech TrackMan Marble Serial
- Logitech TrackMan Marble PS/2
- Logitech TrackMan Marble FX Serial
- Logtiech TrackMan Marble FX PS/2
- Logitech TrackMan Marble+ Serial
- Logitech TrackMan Marble+ PS/2
- Logitech MouseMan Wheel Serial
- Logitech MouseMan Wheel PS/2
- Logitech Wheel Mouse Serial (C48)
- Logitech Wheel Mouse PS/2 (S48, C48)
- IBM ScrollPoint PS/2
- Logitech TouchPad PS/2
- Logitech Wheel Mouse USB
- Other Logitech Mouse USB
The software utility is not integrated with the Mouse control panel applet, instead it is its own entity under a program group named MouseWare containing three application shortcuts: Mouse Properties for the main utility, MouseWare Help for the help guide and Mouse ReadMe which opens a short text document providing basic instructions and troubleshooting advice.
The software isn’t branded in anyway and will install under any Windows 98 system but will only be fully effective with one of the aforementioned models.
Note: it is worth noting that in our testing we did not have a Logitech branded mouse of any kind to test functionality, however we found after installing the MouseWare drivers and software and then rebooting mouse behaviour had changed. The software introduces additional options such as orientation, smoothing and support for additional buttons to the operating environment. It is thus quite possible that MouseWare could prove a useful additional to systems that are using a modern mouse that doesn’t have dedicated Windows 9x driver support.
ATi mach64 MACXW4 Display Driver v5.30
Inside the sub-directory 530C9W you will find 71 system files that relate to the installation of the above video graphics driver. An automated setup is provided by way of the SETUP.EXE file.
Opening driver file MACXW4.INF we can find that this driver applies to the following models:
- “RAGE PRO TURBO AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742&SUBSYS_47421002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742
- “RAGE PRO TURBO AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4744&SUBSYS_47441002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4744
- “RAGE PRO TURBO PCI (English)”= MACXW4_PCI_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4750&SUBSYS_47501002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4750
- “RAGE IIC AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_475A&SUBSYS_475A1002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_475A
- “RAGE IIC AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4757&SUBSYS_47571002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4757
- “RAGE IIC PCI (English)”= MACXW4_PCI_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4756&SUBSYS_47561002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4756
- “ATI-264VT4 (English)”= MACXW4_PCI_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_5656&SUBSYS_56561002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_5656
- “XPERT XL (English)”= MACXW4_PCI_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4750&SUBSYS_00881002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4750
- “XPERT XL (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742&SUBSYS_00881002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742
- “XPERT@WORK (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742&SUBSYS_00801002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742
- “XPERT 98 (English)”= MACXW4_PCI_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4750&SUBSYS_00801002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4750
- “XPERT 98 (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742&SUBSYS_00841002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742
- “XPERT@PLAY 98 (English)”= MACXW4_PCI_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4750&SUBSYS_00401002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4750
- “XPERT@PLAY 98 (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742&SUBSYS_00401002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742
- “All-in-Wonder PRO NTSC (English)”= MACXW4_PCI_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4749&SUBSYS_00611002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4749
- “All-in-Wonder PRO NTSC (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742&SUBSYS_00611002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742
- “All-in-Wonder PRO NTSC (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742&SUBSYS_00631002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742
- “All-in-Wonder PRO NTSC (English)”= MACXW4_PCI_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4749&SUBSYS_00631002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4749
- “RAGE PRO TURBO AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742&SUBSYS_00801002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742
- “RAGE PRO TURBO AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742&SUBSYS_00401002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742
- “RAGE PRO TURBO AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742&SUBSYS_00841002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742
- “RAGE PRO TURBO AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742&SUBSYS_00441002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742
- “RAGE PRO TURBO AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742&SUBSYS_00881002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742
- “RAGE PRO TURBO AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742&SUBSYS_00481002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4742
- “RAGE PRO TURBO AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4744&SUBSYS_00801002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4744
- “RAGE PRO TURBO AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4744&SUBSYS_00401002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4744
- “RAGE PRO TURBO AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4744&SUBSYS_00881002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4744
- “RAGE PRO TURBO AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4744&SUBSYS_00481002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4744
- “RAGE PRO TURBO PCI (English)”= MACXW4_PCI_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4750&SUBSYS_00801002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4750
- “RAGE PRO TURBO PCI (English)”= MACXW4_PCI_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4750&SUBSYS_00401002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4750
- “RAGE PRO TURBO PCI (English)”= MACXW4_PCI_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4750&SUBSYS_00881002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4750
- “RAGE PRO TURBO PCI (English)”= MACXW4_PCI_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4750&SUBSYS_00481002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4750
- “RAGE IIC AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_475A&SUBSYS_00881002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_475A
- “RAGE IIC AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_475A&SUBSYS_00801002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_475A
- “RAGE IIC AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_475A&SUBSYS_00841002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_475A
- “RAGE IIC AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4757&SUBSYS_00881002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4757
- “RAGE IIC AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4757&SUBSYS_00801002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4757
- “RAGE IIC AGP (English)”= MACXW4_AGP_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4757&SUBSYS_00841002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4757
- “RAGE IIC PCI (English)”= MACXW4_PCI_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4756&SUBSYS_00881002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4756
- “RAGE IIC PCI (English)”= MACXW4_PCI_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4756&SUBSYS_00801002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_4756
- “ATI-264VT4 (English)”= MACXW4_PCI_English, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_5656&SUBSYS_00881002, PCI\VEN_1002&DEV_5656
As you would likely expect, installing this driver package on a system not fitted with one of the above models will cause the system graphics to become corrupt.
Utilities & Software
Access Aptiva v3.0
Access Aptiva is a simple help utility that uses locally hosted web page files to assist the computer user to become familiar with their new system.
The folder contains an InstallShield Setup.exe file which allows for quick and easy installation of the files to the local hard disk.
The software installs by default to the location C:\ibmtools\Access Aptiva and creates a program group named Access Aptiva.
If running the software on a non-IBM Aptiva system you will encounter many fatal or critical errors when trying to use the application as it fails to locate executables or other system files. The help is of an interactive kind where you would follow the on-screen instructions as the application you require assistance with runs.
You can get an idea of the content that the help application covers by opening the file Access Aptiva.htm with a web browser.
Aptiva Help v2.0
Aptiva Help is another component to the Aptiva help software that is available to Apitva owners. This application compliments the Access Aptiva software in such that it shares the same program group Access Aptiva.
Aptiva Help adds two more options to the program group
- Aptiva Help – Windows help documentation that concerns the operationg of various components of the system (for example the loading of optical media)
- Aptiva Readme – a simple text file that concerns DVD playback, FreeSpace (with voice), installing/uninstalling applications, modem connectivity, Aptiva on the Net, ScrollPoint mouse, standby, updates and ViaVoice.
All of these files are installed to the C:\ibmtools\Apthelp location.
ConfigSafe 95/98 Support Edition v1.05.06
ConfigSafe 95/98 is a system recovery software utility that works in a similar way to Microsoft’s own System Restore, introduced with Millenium Edition.
The sub-directory V105 contains 27 system files with an Install.exe application which is used to install the application to the local hard disk.
The installer installs the application to the C:\csafe\ folder location and creates a new program group named ConfigSafe. The application path is where the snapshots are kept and also home to a user guide named Manual.doc.
Upon installation the software will automatically take a snapshot of the system which it decales the Factory Configuration. It doesn’t appear that the software provides a bootable environment to recover from the snapshots, so this software will only protect you so long as you can get back into the Windows desktop environment.
The software is not developed internally by IBM but by Imagine LAN, inc. and is provided here with an OEM license for use with IBM Computers, however I have successfully installed this into a virtual machine test environment without any issue.
IBM Internet Connection v4.18.4
The directory contains two files and one sub-directory, NS. Of the two files provided one of them, INSTALL.EXE, is a simple installation wizard. This wizard installs not only the IBM Internet Connection but can also (optionally) install Netscape Navigator 4 (see below for more detail).
The software is installed into the C:\Program Files\IBM Global Network folder and a shortcut is placed in the Start Menu folder (without program group). A shortcut is also placed on the system desktop.
The program folder contains mostly normal application files including a few help files – however five sub-directories exist, with the first four containing shortcut links to webpages, these are as follows:
- IBM Global Network Sites
- Internet Help Desk – http://www.ibm.net/helpdesk.html
- Internet Home Page – http://www.ibm.com/globalnetwork
- Intranet Help Desk – http://126.96.36.199
- Internet Sites
- IBM Home Page – http://www.ibm.com
- IBM Internet Service – http://www.ibm.net
- Links to other sites – http://www.ibm.net/links.html
- New User Information – http://www.ibm.net/nu.html
- Multiprotocol Tunnelling Sites
- IBM FTP Server – ftp://188.8.131.52/pub/Advantis
- IBM Support Page – http://184.108.40.206
- Private Intranet Sites
- IBM FTP Server – ftp://220.127.116.11/pub/Advantis
- IBM Support Page – http://18.104.22.168
See this post where I discover how these webpages may have looked at the time.
Installing this software does not change the behaviour of Internet Explorer, but if Netscape Navigator is installed this will become the default web browser.
As I am without a modem to test this functionality I cannot confirm whether this dialler still works, or what its benefits over the included Windows dialer is exactly. It does look however that you may be able to connect to any service using this utility.
NetScape Communicator 4.06
NetScape Communicator (comprising of Navigator, Composer, Messenger and Collabra) is an optional install when installing the above IBM Internet Connection software, however you can install the software without the IBM Internet Connection software by opening up the above directory and running the InstallShield executable SETUP.EXE.
The directory (NS) contains mostly a normal selection of application files however there is a web page file BOOKMARK.HTM included in the files which is a simple HTML page with links to various IBM webpages.
When opening the Netscape Communicator application from the desktop it will, as expected, open the web browser application first (Navigator) however upon opening the application it will attempt to take you to a locally hosted web page under C:\ibmtools\ign\atlas1.htm – however this file does not exist, and wasn’t deployed as any part of the IBM Internet Connection/Gateway software mentioned above and looking on the CD-ROM no such file exists. Aside from this the only other branding customisation that has taken place is the aforementioned BOOKMARK.HTM file being imported into the Bookmarks section of the Navigator application.
The Messenger part of the application, which is intended to handle e-mail, is pre-loaded with some sample messages to introduce the application to users.
Aside from those points the application is very much just Netscape Communicator as you would find it if you downloaded it from their website.
See the directory listing under IBM Internet Connection.
Norton AntiVirus 4.08 for IBM
The software will automatically install to the location of C:\Program Files\Norton AntiVirus and during the installation you can choose some settings such as when to schedule full system scans. Upon exiting the installer, if detected, the software will install and activate the Norton NetScape Communicator plug-in. After this the software will also attempt to reach out and update via the LiveUpdate application, this however fails. You are then advised to reboot the system, of which upon first boot the software will complete a full system scan.
Looking in the applications files under C:\Program Files\Norton AntiVirus we can see that the software includes a copy of Adobe Acrobat Reader 3.0 (ar32e30.exe) which is required to read the included help document files nav95ref.pdf (Reference Guide) and nav95ugd.pdf (User Guide).
Opening the software from the Start Menu or from the notifications area and then opening the about dialog inside the application we can confirm that the software carries an OEM license for IBM systems as the software full name, version and edition is Norton AntiVirus 4.08 for IBM – however the software will install under any environment, including our virtual machine test environment. The software includes a definition file dated 1st May 1998 which protects against 14,979 viruses – a list of these viruses can be found under the Virus List section of the main application.
Aside from this the software is mostly standard in its execution and usage, however it would not be recommended to even consider using an antivirus product as old as this in any real-world scenario.
PC-Doctor for Windows 3.1.265
You can then start PC-Doctor from the Start Menu under the program group PC-Doctor which contains three shortcuts
- Aptiva System Information – starts the PC-Doctor software on the Aptiva System Information view
- PC-Doctor for Windows – starts the PC-Doctor software
- ReadMe – Opens the short Readme.txt file containing new features and the version information
- Uninstall – uninstalls PC-Doctor from your system
PC-Doctor provides a way of diagnosing hardware and software defects on your system and provides tests for the following areas:
- Hard Drive
- Floppy Disk Drive
- CD-ROM / DVD-ROM Drive
- DirectDraw compatibility
- AVI video playback
- Microphone input
- Audio output (covers WAVE and MIDI playback)
It also can provide extended system information in an easy to read HTML format.
This edition of PC-Doctor is intended for use with the Aptiva system as it features an Aptiva Info section which would likely reveal information such as serial number, useful when contacting IBM support. It also links with the ConfigSafe application, if installed. However the software will install and run on non-Aptiva systems, as we managed to successfully install the software in our virtual environment without issue.
IBM Rapid Access Keyboard Utility v22.214.171.124
Under the sub-directory V1003 you will find 30 system files of which SETUP.EXE is an InstallShield executable wizard setup program, which will install the utility onto your system. Upon installation a system reboot is recommended.
This software fits more into the utility category than a driver, however the 4 option buttons found on the IBM Rapid Access Keyboard are likely to not respond without this utility being loaded.
The software is installed into the Access Aptiva program group, under the sub-group Customize. The application is started by choosing the Customize Rapid Access option.
The software itself is a simple one window utility which allows you to rebind the option buttons to open different software, by default they are set to:
- Netscape Navigator
- Lotus Word Pro
- Lotus 1-2-3
- Aptiva Installer
The software can be installed on any system, however it is likely that without the Rapid Access Keyboard issued with this model of Aptiva that this utility is redudant on any other system.
Under the sub-directory V44 are 13 system files, run SETUP.EXE (an InstallShield executable) to install the RingCentral software to your machine.
The software will be installed to the file location C:\Program Files\RZS\RCPRO with a program group being created named RingCentral; containing a shortcut to the main RingCentral application and its help file.
Without a modem fitted this software simply will refuse to start, as on first run it requires a device setup to be run. Looking through the application files there are a series of voice recordings under the directory Vmenu and an internet shortcut named R0web.url which has a target of http://www.rzs.com. This shortcut has a modified date of 29th May 1996 of which Archive.org’s WayBackMachine has a snapshot of this website dated 23rd December 1996. From visiting this snapshot we can get more information about what RingCentral does:
Ever feel like your phone is ringing just a bit too much? Well, relax because your 24-hour personal assistant has arrived. Now RingCentral can handle all your voice, fax and data calls on a single phone line. This innovative software delivers the amazing world of Computer Telephony while replacing some of the most common objects found on work desks – a telephone, a personal address book, an answering machine, and a fax machine. RingCentral provides many of the features found only on high-end PBX voice mail systems or professional answering and fax services, and will even allow people to send e-mail directly to your PC. The result is a complete, state of the art telephony solution that’s incredibly easy to use! Check out the RingCentral approach and take your communications into the 21st century! Easy to Use, Intuitive, yet Powerful Business Telephone / Answering Machine.
The application doesn’t appear to contain any IBM branding and installed under our virtual environment without any issue, except from the lack of a functioning modem.
IBM Update Connector
Inside this directory you will find 7 system files and a sub-directory named UCWIN. To install the IBM Update Connector software run the GOAPTIVA.BAT batch script application. This will begin to install the software using a Java based installation wizard.
Upon installation the software can be found in the Start Menu as IBM Update Connector. If for some reason the application does not appear in the Start Menu then you will need to create a shortcut with the target: C:\Ibmtools\updater\launcher.exe c:\IBMTOOLS\UPDATER\updater.ini
As one would imagine this updater software is no longer functional due to the service being unavailable, and thus the utility serves little purpose.
Although clearly intended for use with IBM systems, the application will install under any system including our virtual machine test environment.
The disc is rather simple in that it contains only software and drivers, no wallpapers, screensavers, themes or other customization are included on the CD-ROM.
Download Link & Instructions
As this CD-ROM is possibly part of a set (considering it does not include any opearting system files) it could be that during the recovery process you are instructed to insert this CD-ROM into your system and a script would automatically install all of the software required. However due to the simple structure of the CD-ROM there is nothing stopping you from installing the drivers, utilities and software items that you prefer manually.